Monday, 21 November 2016

Earliest Boat Decoration. A New Find ?






The origins of English narrow boat decoration may never be fully ascertained but Tony Lewery's researches reach back through time to the earliest known descriptions both verbal and pictorial  of this uniquely English folk art. 
His book is quite the best of its kind being both scholarly and very readable and is heartily recommended.

It now seems reasonably certain that the decoration appeared quite early on and certainly before 1858 when we have the first verbal description in Charles Dicken's magazine 'Household Words'. If only the article had been accompanied by illustrations !!. 



Tony Lewery offers this illustration found in a book published in 1875- 'Life on the Upper Thames' as being the first known illustration of narrow boat decoration.



This book had been previously published in serial form throughout 1873 in 'The Art Journal' with a rather different illustration which gives slightly more information.



The author H R Robertson was primarily an artist who had spent a year on the upper Thames recording the trades and occupations of riverside workers.


With chapters on waterside structures such as flash locks,ballasting, eel grigs,, osier cutting and peeling and dozens more :- the book is a mine of information on long vanished riverside life.

A NEW FIND.




Original watercolour & gouache signed by the artist appeared at auction Nov 2016. 


The etching as published in the Art Journal 1873.

Appearing at auction recently the colour sketch above appears to be the original watercolour and gouache painting for the illustration in the book.Signed by the artist it will be a valuable piece of original source material which advances our knowledge a little since this now appears to be possibly the earliest known colour illustration of the canal folk art we know today.

Comparing the coloured original with the black & white copy it would seem that by the time the etching came to be published a boat chimney and Buckby can had been added to the original watercolour work. I have no idea why this should be so but it is interesting to find that the Buckby can was at this early date, in existence, in exactly the same form as we know it today.

Postscript :- Again in Lewerys 'Flowers Afloat' an even earlier (1832)  illustration on the side of a boat on the Herefordshire & Gloucestershire canal boat appears to show some signs of early decoration of flowers and rudimentary diamond patterning which could be an early stage in the development of the ' rose & castle' decoration.

Other illustrations may yet come to light & somewhere there may be an amateurs watercolour (signed & dated preferably)of a canal scene complete with boat & decorated cabin side painted at an earlier date.

Wednesday, 9 November 2016

The Cut in Colour (1936).




IS THIS THE FIRST PUBLISHED COLOUR PHOTOGRAPH OF AN ENGLISH CANAL?

'THE CANALS OF ENGLAND' by S P B Mais is a 20 page article I came across recently in the October 1936 issue of 'The Geographical Magazine' which was the British answer (founded in 1936) to the 'National Geographic' produced in the U S A.
S P B Mais as author & broadcaster was a household name in the 1930/40s and wrote over 200 books which usually campaigned for the British countryside & its traditions.. A couple of years prior to 1936 and having been refused permission to travel on the Grand Union C, Mais instead spent 3 days travelling from Whitchurch to Langollen. Having previously visited the boat school at Brentford, Mais seems to have had some interest in the boaters lives and traditions and the article basically is a brief history of the cut.

However the greatest interest for contemporary eyes are the accompanying photographs. There are 15 or so black & white images mostly of the boaters on the southern G U but also of the Oxford, Trent & Mersey & Northern waterways. Although unattributed I have a feeling that some if not all of these were taken by Cyril Arapoff whose work is well known and in such collections as the Waterways Archive.

The 4 full page colour photographs appear at the end of the article and are attributed to D Spencer.

Mr Spencer from what I can ascertain , was a professional photographer who had just (1936) produced a book entitled 'Photography Today' . Interestingly the frontispiece for this book was a coloured photograph taken using the Vivex process which was the method used for the colour photographs in Mais article.

Vivex was an early colour process used by the first professional colour printing service in business from 1928 until the outbreak of war in 1939 and accounted for 90% of UK colour print photography. It was fairly complicated using 3 negatives, one for each primary colour, with the results being printed on top of one another by hand to obtain the final print.

 SO ARE THESE 4 PHOTOGRAPHS THE FIRST COLOUR SHOTS OF BRITISH 
CANALS?

Personally I can't think of anything earlier and indeed it wasn't until the 1950's that colour photographs began to illustrate canal books & periodicals.
Someone out there may know a lot more than I do on this subject , so if you do know of anything earlier please leave a comment.

An early advocate of canals for pleasure.

The author ends his piece with the following - 'Even if you are not commercially interested  in the revival of canal transport, sociologically you certainly will be if you have read Mr A P Herbert's vivid & entertaining novel of barge life; The Water Gipsies, and aesthetically you cannot fail to be if you are a reader of the canoeing books of Mr William Bliss. While if you are in search of a novel holiday buy a copy of Stanfords map of England & Wales showing canals & rivers navigable for canoes & light craft .. to set your heart dancing with eager anticipation, and if I may give a word of advice, plump for the two tit -bits, Wooton Rivers to Devizes on The Kennet & Avon and Newtown to Welshpool on the Shropshire Union.

I include this quote not only as an early example of a plea for the pleasure use of canals but  I love his rare acknowledgement of William Bliss (a personal hero of mine). If you have not read his book 'The Heart of England by Waterway' 1933 -you should and not only for his foresight where canals were concerned but for his wonderful prose, romantic lyricsm and knowledge of canal voyaging over the previous 50 years; for what true canal lover is not a romantic at heart.

 Dont just take my word for it  - Ray Parkin at -nbalbert.blogspot.co.uk is also a lover of  William Bliss's book and has researched & blogged on this book & many others, so take a look at his old waterway book reviews too. 
For full details on the man and his book type Bliss in my blog search. If you are looking for a copy try -BookFinder.com

Sunday, 23 October 2016

Eily Gayford’s Badge & other things.(At auction 2016)


IMG_0044
September saw the second part of Mark Baldwin’s library auctioned in London. The first part consisting of books was auctioned last year but this years sale consisted mainly of paper ephemeral items, canal acts, prints, posters,tokens, magazines & postcards etc.
Some items which caught my attention were – A group of badges belonging to Eily Gayford who was an early recruit & subsequent trainer of the famous ‘Idle Women’ recruits to the boats of the Grand Union carrying fleet of WW2. The lot consisted of the famous & very rare ‘Idle Women’ grey plastic badge, two cloth GUCC badges and a brass GUCC collar badge as issued to GUCC police together with several wartime periodicals.
iw badge in sale82_2cloth badges
The plastic IW badge alone had to my knowledge achieved a record price of £311 at auction in 2015 with many bidders so the £380 (£456 inc buyers premium) achieved for this group of badges was probably a good buy.
85 The Bargee
A large film poster for this 1964 film (Lots of period working boat action on the G Union, if you ever get a chance to see it) made £120 + buyers premium.
canals & waterways magIf you thought that Waterways World was the first magazine devoted to Inland Waterways you would be wrong as predating this by over 50 years a collection of  30 issues of the monthly ‘Canal’s & Waterways’ from 1919 –1924 fetched £160 + 20% buyers premium.
aire & C prospectus. 001Commercial prospectuses for individual waterways rarely appear in the great library collections and are quite hard to find. Two different examples from the Aire & Calder Co and dating from the 1920’s fetched £80 +premium.
Worth a mention – The complete auction catalogue for this sale and also for part1 of Sept 2015 and prices realised can be found on Chiswick auctions website- www.chiswickauctions.co.uk/sale-results/
‘ People off the bank turning to commercial boating and recording their exploits’----- This topic started with at least 3 or 4 of the Idle women recording their wartime work  in book or magazine form in the years following the conflict. Further books have followed over the years from authors such as David Blagrove and Tom Foxon but two of the earliest ‘landlubbers to turn to boating in the early 1950’s were Tim Wilkinson who authored ‘Hold On A Minute’ and John Knill whose life as a ‘No1’ was recorded in his ‘John Knill’s Navy  -Five years on the cut’  published many years after his carrying days.
 john knills navy 001 I have remarked in a previous post on the rarity of this book caused I think by the fact that it was privately published by Sir John in 1998. Probably produced with a limited print run and without the distribution facilities of commercial publishers, these facts have ensured its rare appearance in booksellers catalogues or at auction.
A previous auction price of £32 was I thought pretty good going for a relatively recently printed paperback as was the price of £80 being asked by a bookdealer elsewhere (It sold very quickly). However I was absolutely amazed by the final auction price of £142 on Ebay which only goes to prove the old auction maxim – that you only need two people to really want an item for it to sell well but £142!!!?
So if you are  lucky enough to have a copy – treasure it well. For those still looking – good luck. It is a really good read with lots of period photos and anecdotes and deserves to be reprinted.

Sunday, 6 March 2016

Tuesday, 16 February 2016

‘Bibliography of British Canals 1623-1950’ by Mark Baldwin and some recent finds.


Mark Baldwin’s bibliography has been an indispensible guide to many collectors of English waterway literature ever since its publication in 1984. It is I think the most comprehensive survey of English waterway books published from the earliest times up until the start of ‘the new canal age’ in 1950.Canals A New Look

It was contained within the book ‘ Canals A New Look’  and as far as I know has never been published elswhere. Also and as a bonus it contains a separate Bibliography of European Cruising 1833-1939  as well as a ‘Bibliography of Charles Hadfield’s published work’. So there you have it -  all the reference sources you need as well as other interesting articles in one volume. No excuses for not owning one either,as it is easily available on the secondhand market for as little as £3 or £4.

In my years of book collecting I have come across several books  or editions of books which are not mentioned in the bibliography and I can only imagine that Mark chose not to include them for some reason or, and this is I feel more likely - was unaware of their existence at the time of his compilation.
So for the benefit of other collectors who may not know them either, I list them below and roughly in the categories that were used by Mark Baldwin. They are nearly all fictional works published before 1950.
Fictional works inspired by George Smith (The so called ‘Moral Tales).
Palmer, F.  ‘Silent Highways – A story of Barge Life.London: J F Shaw, ND c1881, Frontis, 192pgs, pub cat.
F C F, Over There – A Story of Canal Life’. London: Society for promoting Christian Knowledge. ND c1889, Frontis, 94pgs, pub cat. (With an appreciation to George Smith on final page – ….funds will be gratefully received by Mr George Smith, The Cabin, Crick,  Rugby). Later editions of this book have the authors name given – F C Fanshawe. 
Mount, Adela Francis. Robin Dear – A story of Canal Life’. London: Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge. ND c 1903, Frontis,  162pgs, Illus 2pl. pub cat.
Further details and some cover photos of these books at -http://canalbookcollector2.blogspot.com. –Part3.
Childrens Fiction.
Philps,A D. Waif and Gypsy’. London: Sunday School Union. ND c1893.Frontis,13pl,pub cat. (Another moral tale partly set on Bridgewater canal).
Morris, Alice Talwin. ‘Our Holiday on a Barge’ London : Blackie. N D but c1911. 40pgs. Illus. For younger readers.
Wilson,Theodora T. ‘Jim’s Children –A tale of town country & canal’  London : Blackie. ND but c1912. 247pgs. Frontis. Illus (Set on the Lancaster canal).
Harrison, F B. ‘Littlebourne Lock’  London:  Blackie. ND but 1892. 282 pgs,Frontis, 1 plate. pub cat. (Set on Thames).
‘Mrs Molesworth’. ‘Us’  London: Macmillan. 1885. 240 pgs, Frontis, illus by Walter Crane, Pub Cat.  (Partly set on canal).
Harborough, Mark. ‘Fossil the Scout’. Oxford University Press.1933. 255 pgs, Frontis, illus. ( The first canal adventure story of the modern period.The first to have decorated endpapers illustrating a canal map. An important book).
Blyton, Enid. ‘The Saucy Jane Story’. London: Lutterworth Press. 1947, 79 pgs, Frontis, Illus. (Canal story for younger readers).
Thomas, Bert. ‘A Trip on a Barge’. London: Pictorial Art. ND c1946, 31pgs, Illus (The first UK canal book to be illustrated in ‘Comic Art’ style. For younger readers. Authentically set on G Union canal). An important book & not in Copac.
Books with editions not noted by Mark Baldwin.
 Reade, Amos. ‘Life in The Cut’ . London: Swan Sonnenschein. 1888. 343pgs, Frontis.  (This must be the First edition as Baldwin gives only the 1889 edition which was a yellowback)
Anon. ‘The Waterway to London’ London: Simpkin. 1869. Frontis,96pgs,illus, maps. (A cheap ‘Yellowback type’  edition priced at 1 shilling, with thin card decorated illustrated cover published in the same year as the first edition noted by Baldwin) .
Adult Fiction.
Hartley,J. ‘Seets I Yorkshire…..or Grimes Comical Trip from Leeds to Liverpool by Canal’. London: Nicholson. 156 pgs. Pub Cat.ND but c 1890 . (A cheap yellowback in dialect.)
Adcock,Almey St John. ‘The Street Paved with Water’ London: Hodder & Stoughton.ND but 1930. 318pgs, (Set on Grand Junction Canal).
Smith,Emma. ‘Monkey Barges’ London: Phoenix House. ( A short story by Emma Smith of ‘Idle Women’ fame.Her first canal story after she left the boats & contained in  ‘Modern Reading –16’ published in 1947.
  Early childrens comic books.
Goodwin,Dave. ‘The Boy Barge Owners – AStory of Canal Life’. London: Amalgamated Press . 1909.120 pgs. In ‘The Boys Friend Library’ series.
Goodwin, Dave. ‘Dave The Barge Boy –A Tale of England’s Waterways’.London: Amalgamated Press. 1910. 120 pgs. In ‘The Boy’s Friend Library’ series.
Anon. ‘All Aboard A Barge’.  London: John Leng. 1932.39 pgs, Illus. (For young readers and published in ‘Fairyland Tales No 553 .’

Details & photos of most of these books can be found in canalbookcollector2.blogspot.com or in my main blog. If you are looking for any of these or any other books try - BookFinder.com

Friday, 29 January 2016

Mr 'Self Sufficiency'

Those of you who were young in the 1970's and perhaps consciously feeling your way towards an alternative lifestyle may remember John Seymour the self sufficiency guru who was as an author most prolific at this time. 
Wikipedia lists his roles as - Writer, environmentalist, agrarian, smallholder and activist and a rebel against - Consumerism,industrialisation, genetically modified organisms, cities, cars; an advocate for self reliance, personal responsibility, self sufficiency, conviviality ( singing, dancing, food & drink), gardening, caring for the earth & the soil.

After an active and adventurous youth and war service he worked on a Thames Barge for a time before marrying and buying a Dutch Hoogaerse barge on which he lived and travelled before publishing his first waterway book  'Sailing through England' in 1956.
Seymour & his wife Sally sailed their 34 ton barge round the coast and into the Great Ouse and the Nene before travelling to the Humber from where they voyaged over all the wide beam waterways of the Northeast including a traverse of the Leeds & Liverpool canal.

For the next few years Seymour was involved in buying and establishing a smallholding in Pembrokeshire before in 1966 publishing 'Voyage into England'  - a record of a 4 month voyage
around the Narrow canals of a still just working system.

We are fortunate that John Seymour's natural love of people & places combined with an 
 inquisitive nature has left for today's reader a treasure trove of anecdotes and interviews with the working population of a now vanished waterways world. Both books are a recommended good read. You can wallow in nostalgia with 'Sailing through England'  for less than £15 and for less than £10 Voyage into England ' is available on the second hand market. Both books were recently republished by Faber & Faber.
John Seymour 1914 - 2004.

John Seymour's self sufficiency work is still carried on by his family at their Pembrokeshire smallholding where John lies buried in an orchard of his own planting.




Wednesday, 20 January 2016

OLGA KEVELOS.

olga kavelos

Olga Kevelos was one of the handful of women workers on the Grand Union Canal  during the 2nd World War. One of the so called ‘Idle Women’ from the inland waterways badge that they wore, they often showed tough, independent and adventurous traits. Olga’s particular claim to fame was that she twice won  gold in the motorcycling 6 day trials in the later 1940’s -  1950’s.

An extraordinary lady, she is alas no longer with us but during a recent renovation of her family home in Birmingham her family found a relic from her wartime boating days - the badge shown  above, Recently auctioned, it attracted many bids , selling for £80.

Tuesday, 12 January 2016

‘Life in the Cut’ An update.



Canal Books
Every time that I used Mark Baldwins book ‘Canal Books’ to  refer to some item or other I was always tempted by the sight of the book in the middle of the top shelf. Since Baldwin’s book came out in 1982, it must be from at least that time that I had been looking for a copy of that book – ‘ Life in the Cut’. 'The description that Baldwin gives of it as being the first full length canal novelLIFE IN THE cut ( and an imaginative one at that )which was published in 1889 in a cheap ‘yellowback’ edition primarily for sale on railway bookstores,was very tempting and particularly so with its eye catching pictorial cover.The very fact that it was cheaply produced and printed meant of course that it had a short life and that survivors are few and far between ,which is my blog understatement of the year - I had never seen one at auction or for sale by bookdealers in 40 years of looking.
So it was with some excitement that I attended Mark’s library sale in November last where this book was to be amongst the books auctioned.Needless to say it went for far more than an old pensioners means allowed, selling for over £500 to a guy who had travelled some distance just to buy  this one book.                                                                 
Well I guess the story would have ended there with visions of more endless years searching (well not exactly endless as age is beginning to feature here!!!) and I was beginning to think that I would have to settle for the British Library’s copy in its Historically important reprint series. When -------
life in the cut 001
A couple of months later I bought this battered and waterstained copy of the book on Ebay.
I had thought that the yellowback version of 1889 was the only printing since the canal bibliography gives this as the only publication date. However it turns out that my purchase is in fact a First edition copy published the previous year in 1888.
The illustration on the cover is by the artist H Johnston whose engravings were used to illustrate Guy Mark Pearse’s ‘Rob Rat’ and which seem to have been used as stock images to illustrate many of the canal articles of the time eg the Graphic canal title page of 1875.
Rob Rat. Illustration1Rob Rat Illus (3) 
Illustrations by H Johnson in Rob Rat.

life in the cut .title page 1st Ed 001
Interestingly the Frontispiece illustration of the Waterwitch in the First edition appears to be a swim ended Thames lighter.Compare  this with the Narrow Boat ‘Waterwitch’ on the yellowback cover.Life in the cut.dedication.1st Ed 001 
Dedication to the well known canal reformer in the First Edition.
CONCLUSION. – Well I guess if theres any conclusion its – Dont give up looking!! Even on ebay bargains are still to be found even if its just once in 40 years!!!

Saturday, 9 January 2016

THE NAVIGATION CONSTABLE.!!


truncheon





I thought that I had seen most types of British Canal ephemera at auction but the truncheon was a new one for me. It was the only one of its kind in a large collection of truncheons and tipstaffs auctioned recently. Apart from the above inscription in gilt on a blue ground it had a royal cipher  and was inscribed on the reverse ‘ S & W canal Co’. (Presumably –Staffs & Worcs.) One wonders whether it was ever actually in day to day use or purely for official occasions. 17inches in length it fetched £220.
old postcard2
Old postcards continue to fetch high prices particularly when as above they are ‘Real photos’. This one of a wooden Grand Union boat with workers piling fetched £56 recently.